By: Thomas Jefferys (Printed by Robert Sayer)
Date: 1775 (dated) London
Dimensions: 19.5 x 24.75 inches (39.5 x 63 cm)
A first state example of the earliest map to focus on the coast of Texas, recognized as the “New Kingdom of Leon” This landmark map of the Texas coast presents the area as the “Kingdom of Leon,” and extends from just south of present day South Padre Island to what is now the Vermillion Bay, just south of Lafayette Louisiana.
What little detail that can be found in the map pertains to the layout of the barrier islands and coastal tributaries. Depth soundings are sparse, with most of them concentrated around what is now Galveston Island, just south of present day Houston. A fleet of ships can be found in the Gulf of Mexico sailing a course identified as “the Flota’s Track,” a shipping route taken by Spanish Galleons between Mexico and Havana.
As we look inland, we find several notations of historical importance, many of which pertain to the discoveries and naming of the various rivers taken by previous explorers. One notation speaks of a region “Occupied by the kaicaches. Enemies to the Spanish.” Another notation that extends halfway across the map reads “Vast Plains which are a continual Savanna intermixes with Woods and full of Wild Beeves. They are inhabited by the Canokosses the Ebahmas, Canouaches, Quelameloueches, Teos, and Several other Tribes of Wandering Indians.”
Condition: This map is in B condition with apparent damp staining and paper loss in the lower corners that have been restored on the verso.
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