By: Girolamo Ruscelli
Date: 1574 (published) Venice
Dimensions: 7.25 x 9.5 inches (19 x 24.13)
This interesting Ruscelli map, a trapezoid projected onto a sphere, is from his work La Geografia di Claudio Tolomeo Alessandrino. Based on the work of Ptolemy, it depicts a northern portion of the Indian subcontinent and part of Asia, including a region entitled ‘Sina Regio’, meaning Chinese Region. Various peoples are named on the map such as Scythians, the Hippophagi, a group of nomads thus named by Ptolemy for their eating of horseflesh. Mountain ranges are indicated pictorially. A number of major river systems are depicted, including a portion of the Ganges and many of its tributaries flowing from their sources in the Himalayas.
Girolamo Ruscelli (1500-1566) was an Italian cartographer, polymath, humanist and editor, active in Venice during the early 16th century. Ruscelli is best known for his important revision of Ptolemy's Geographia, published posthumously in 1574.
Claudius Ptolemy (85-165 CE), a Roman citizen of Greek descent from Alexandria, was the most influential of Greek astronomers and geographers of his time. He propounded the geocentric theory of the solar system which was to prevail for the next 1400 years.
Giacomo Gastaldi (c.1500-1566) was an Italian astronomer, cartographer and engineer from Villafranca in Piedmont. Many of Ruscelli’s maps are essentially enlarged versions of some of Gastaldi’s maps.
Condition: This map is in A- condition. Slight fading of some place names and lettering in the image. Italian text on the verso.
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