By: Abraham Ortelius
Date: 1579 (Published) Antwerp
Dimensions: 13.5 x 19.75 inches (34.3 cm x 50.2 cm)
This is the first state of this important map from Ortelius’ Theatrum Orbis Terrarum. It depicts the central and western coastal regions of Mexico or New Spain, and was considered a cornerstone map and a prototype for most maps of the region in the early 17th century.
Inasmuch as Spanish expeditions had thoroughly explored the region, Ortelius was able with confidence to create a map which detailed the region with significant accuracy, starting from modern-day Acapulco to Mazatlan, and inland as far as Mexico City, shown situated on a large lake which has since been drained. The map is remarkable for its detail, and Ortelius names ports, cities, villages and fortified positions along with geographical features including rivers, lakes, mountains and volcanoes. The seas are fully engraved in stipple. Several gold and silver mines are located in the central region.
Embellished with three beautiful strapwork cartouches, one for the title, another in the lower left quadrant describing various points of the map in Latin, and another containing the regions of the map (each assigned a letter of the alphabet), this important map is a must-have for collectors interested in early maps of European explored/settled lands of the New World. Spanish text on the verso provides additional information regarding New Spain.
Condition: This map is a fine impression on good heavy paper in B condition with water staining and some soiling which would respond well to professional restoration.
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