By: United States Senate Document
Date: 1895 (54th Congress 1st Session) Washington D.C.
Dimensions: 7.5 x 12 inches (19 x 30.5 cm)
A scarce senate document map showing the landscape of reservations, indian agencies, military forts and regiments along the Nebraska and South Dakota border.
The map is historically significant in that it focuses on the area of last resistance by the Native Americans towards the end of the Indian Wars, more specifically the Ogallala and Lakota Sioux. The map centers on the Pine Ridge Agency and Reservation, which at 3,468.85 square miles is one of the largest reservations in the United States.
The agency is surrounded by numerous military regiments and resides just west of the site of the Big Foot Battle of December 29, 1890. This battle is more commonly known as the Wounded Knee Massacre where nearly 300 Lakota men, women, and children were shot to death by the 7th Cavalry Regiment, led by Colonel James W. Forsyth during an effort to disarm the Lakota people. The massacre happened just two weeks after the leading Hunkpapa Chief Sitting Bull was shot in the head by fellow tribesmen who had been converted to U.S. soldiers during an attempt to remove the chief from his unwanted home on the reservation and place him under arrest.
This map offer a unique snapshot in time of the final stages of the Indian Wars which technically began in the early 1600s between the French fur trappers and Iroquois and ended in the early 1920s with battles between the Ute and Paiute Indians against Mormon residents. Some of the most historic battles however were between the tribes of the Great Plaines and the U.S. Military consisting of former Union and Confederate soldiers, freed slaves, immigrants, and converted Native Americans.
Condition: Map is in A condition, folded as issued with no tears.
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