Accurate Vorstellung der Beruhmten Meer-Enge Zwischen der Nord und ost See der Sunt Genant, mit der Herumlingenden Gegend von Seeland undSchonen, Nebst der... Stadt Copenhagen
By: Johann Baptiste Homann
Date: 1720 (circa) Nuremberg
Dimensions: 19 x 22.75 inches (48.3 x 57.8 cm)
This map by Johann Homann depicts the city of Copenhagen and its environs from differing perspectives, as the city appeared in the early 18th century.
There is evidence of human habitation in the area dating back thousands of years, and for approximately 300 years Copenhagen was an important outpost for Vikings, from where they set out on voyages to various parts of the world. However, it was not until the 10th century CE that record was made of a small fishing village situated on the site of modern day Copenhagen.
At that time the hamlet was known for its salted herring. In the 12th century a large castle was built off the coast and the city was fortified by ramparts and a moat which encircled it. Its geographic location on the Baltic Sea was advantageous and the city did brisk trade with fellow members of the Hanseatic League. The city continued to prosper and in the 15th century was made capital of Denmark and became the home of the royal family.
The map is oriented to the northeast. The city and fortifications, bridges and great moat are shown in detail. Ships are at full sail in both the North and Baltic Seas. Kronenburg, already famous in its own right was made even more famous as Elsinore, the site of Shakespeare’s Hamlet. The castle and its environs are depicted in detail to the west of Copenhagen, and pictorially illustrated to the right of the city. The map provides a clear understanding of the topography, including roads, villages, towns and fortifications. Rivers and forested lands are denoted.
Below the map a detailed panorama of the city provides a realistic idea of its appearance in the early 18th century, depicting people travelling toward the city on foot, horseback, in carts and carriages, and by sea. Panoramic views of the cities of Helsingborg, Malmö, and Landskrona fill the upper left quadrant of the folio sheet.
Condition: This map is in B condition with slight wrinkling at centerfold. Right edge shows some light staining and thinning of paper at the bottom which doesn’t enter image.
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