By: Hinton, Simpkin & Marshall
Date: 1832 (published) London
Dimensions: 9.75 x 15.5 inches (24.8 x 39.4 cm)
This is a scarce early map of the states of North and South Carolina. Counties are named and delineated, though the western ones had not been finalized at the time this map was published. The map shows mountains, rivers, state and county boundaries, towns, post offices and court houses, rivers and Indian settlements. A plan of Charleston in the inset depicts the city in great detail.
Interestingly, this territory has seen multiple governances. It had been declared a Spanish colony called Carolana in 1512 by Ponce de Leon, but there was no settling of it. The French arrived in 1562, changing the name to Carolina in honor of King Charles IX of France. They were driven out by indigenous peoples of the area.
In 1629 a member of the English House of Common was granted charter over the land but he did not attempt to colonize it due to the pushback from indigenous peoples, and the threat of smallpox. The land was subsequently divided and parceled out to eight wealthy men known as Lord Proprietors. These men were unable to come to agreement concerning development of the territory. Finally in 1710 a governor was appointed for the territory designated as North Carolina, and the colonies were acknowledged as North and South Carolina.
Condition: This map is in B condition. Toning is even except at the centerfold, which is slightly darker. Minor separation repaired with archival material on the verso. Chipping on left edge.
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